Many different conditions can cause pain in the body. In fact, it is such a common symptom that it can actually be attributed to almost any condition. It is also one of the most common reasons why people visit their doctor.
Pain in the body is a subjective experience that has an emotional impact and worsens the sufferer’s quality of life. This is especially noticeable in chronic cases. Many times the development of the pain is acute, as in infections, and is expected to be self-limiting. On the other hand, it can sometimes be long-lasting and even chronic.
Today we will tell you about 10 possible causes of pain in the body that are relatively common in the general population.
The 10 most common causes of pain in the body
Influenza is an acute respiratory disease that mostly occurs in the winter. It is caused by the flu A or B virus. It makes people all over the world sick.
The infectious process itself is self-limiting and uncomplicated. However, it is associated with higher mortality in certain risk groups, such as those suffering from chronic diseases and those who have weakened immune systems. Experts recommend annual preventive vaccination for these groups.
Uncomplicated flu can last for a week or more. It causes respiratory symptoms, such as mucus, sore throat and cough, along with fever, headache, myalgia (muscle pain) and weakness. Inflammation, especially in the throat, chest and lungs, can also be painful.
Fibromyalgia is the most common cause of chronic skeletal and muscle pain in the body. It affects 2% to 8% of the population. The pain also causes fatigue, memory problems and sleep disturbances. Its true origin is still unknown.
It mostly affects women aged 20 to 55 years. During a physical examination, the doctor usually does not detect any abnormalities other than widespread tenderness in the soft tissue. Laboratory and radiological examinations may even return to normal.
Thus, the goal of treatment is to reduce the main symptoms of this disorder. Therefore, medical professionals use a variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. Rehabilitation sessions, massage, alternative treatments such as acupuncture and therapy are also useful.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS / ME) and body aches
Chronic fatigue syndrome is another disease of unknown etiology. It is chronic and affects a large part of the body. Thus, it is a disabling disorder that drastically limits the sufferer’s activities.
However, the National Academy of Sciences developed a number of diagnostic criteria to facilitate diagnosis. According to these criteria:
- there must be a significant reduction or impaired ability to participate in occupational, educational, social or personal activities compared to before the disease
- it must last for more than six months and be accompanied by exhaustion
- is this in turn very profound, is of new or definite beginning (not lifelong), is not the result of ongoing excessive effort
- the pain is not significantly relieved by rest
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease (the immune system attacks its own tissue) of unknown etiology. In fact, it can affect any organ and not focus on a particular system. Due to injury and inflammation, pain in the body is common.
Patients may also suffer from fatigue, rash, occasional fever, swelling or redness around the joints, cramps and sensitivity to sunlight. The treatment is complex because the patient’s response to medication can vary.
5. Lyme disease
Lyme disease is a disease spread by ticks. It is characterized by characteristic skin rashes in the form of migratory erythema (red spots). It also causes severe joint pain, fatigue, headaches and even muscle aches (tingling).
Infectious mononucleosis and pain in the body
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) causes infectious mononucleosis. This condition is also called “kissing disease “ since it spreads through saliva.
It causes fever, pharyngitis, fatigue, swollen glands, headaches, general discomfort and body aches. Although self-limiting, it exhausts patients physically. During the most active period of the condition, it becomes impossible for patients to perform basic activities.
7. Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic disorder of unknown etiology. Although experts know that the underlying process that causes it is autoimmune, many different situations can trigger symptom onset.
It mainly affects the joints symmetrically, leading to destruction and causing deformities. In addition to pain, patients may suffer from fatigue, myalgia, fever, weight loss and depression. The fact that it is chronic and that it develops in acute episodes makes it difficult to treat.
8. Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease. In other words, it damages the myelin chain of neurons. It is autoimmune and the most common of these pathologies of the central nervous system.
Patients may suffer from pain, tingling and other abnormal experiences. Other symptoms include weakness, fatigue, blurred vision, temporary or permanent blindness, difficulty walking or standing, and memory disturbances.
Dehydration occurs when the body loses more water than it ingests from drink or food. Vomiting, diarrhea, high fever or medication that makes you urinate more than normal can cause it. Children and older adults are more likely to suffer from it.
Body water is an important element for proper bodily function. Thus, dehydration causes several symptoms, such as excessive thirst, little urine, dry mouth, chapped lips, confusion and fatigue. It causes pain in the body because the muscles produce toxic substances that irritate the nerve endings when they are dehydrated.
10. Drug-induced myopathies
Finally, many drugs are usually prescribed by a doctor, and abuse can cause these conditions. The manifestations range from mild muscle pain and weakness to severe chronic kidney failure.
Some examples of agents that cause myopathies are alcohol, cocaine, glucocorticoids, statins, antipsychotics, colchicine and antiretroviral agents. The negative effect is not always displayed. However, you should be careful when taking these drugs.
Pain in the body has many causes
In short, the causes of pain in the body are so varied that it would be impossible to list them all! Today we have listed the most common and those that affect the population in general.
If you have persistent pain that you cannot explain and that also changes your quality of life, you should consult a doctor. It is important to identify the reasons for receiving adequate treatment according to your needs. Avoid self-medication and book an appointment with your doctor to address your concerns.