Citrus allergy typically provides typical symptomatology that makes the diagnosis easy. Although it is a rare problem, it can affect a person’s diet. It is important to remember that these fruits are able to provide important nutrients, such as vitamins C.
In the citrus group we find a large number of fruits that have a significant concentration of citric acid in them. For example, lemons, grapefruits and oranges. They have a significant number of antioxidants, and experts recommend eating them regularly.
Causes of allergy to citrus
The phenomenon we know as allergy to citrus occurs because the immune system interprets certain proteins, which act as antigens, as harmful. From the first exposure, the immune system produces a defensive response with a variety of symptoms.
Experts believe that there may be a genetic component that determines the appearance of this allergy. Although environmental factors, such as excessive hygiene or low exposure to these products, also play a role. In fact , experts say that excessive cleaning of these fruits can be one of the underlying causes.
Symptoms of the disorder
After consuming citrus fruits, the allergic person begins to develop characteristic symptoms. These include the appearance of red spots on the skin or itching. If this is the case, it is important to get an antihistamine from your doctor. This will reduce the discomfort that the allergy has caused.
It is important to keep in mind that eating foods that cause an allergic reaction can lead to diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas and even vomiting. These signs will also depend on the intensity of the reaction itself.
The diagnosis of citrus allergy
The diagnosis of this allergy involves exposure to the food and subsequent measurement of immunoglobulins in the blood. Contact with the product in question can be enough sometimes, as this causes skin irritation.
Sometimes, however, it is necessary for the person to eat a small taste. This is to assess how certain biochemical parameters related to the function of the immune system change.
Alternatives to citrus fruits
Once the problem has been diagnosed, the person should avoid citrus fruits in the diet. Failure to do so could endanger their health. However, this does not mean that they should reduce the intake of antioxidants. Research has revealed that these compounds neutralize the formation of free radicals.
It is important to avoid consuming sauces and dressings, as many of them usually contain lemon or orange in the composition. Rather, you can replace them with vinaigrette or homemade dressings that do not contain citrus fruits.
It is also important to remember that vitamin C intake is able to ensure that the immune system works properly, according to a study published in the journal Nutrients . To ensure that dietary requirements are met, those with citrus allergies should increase their intake of peppers or use supplements if necessary.
Treatment for allergy to citrus
Currently, there is no treatment that has been shown to be effective in eliminating allergies to citrus. With pharmacological help it is possible to control the symptoms. However, this is not a solution, as it can cause internal damage.
Various treatments based on immunotherapy are currently being tested with a view to offering a solution in the future. At present, however, they are not available to the public and are in the experimental phase.
Allergy to citrus is a rare condition
Fortunately, allergies to citrus have a low incidence in the population. However, it is a pathology that can lead to conditioning a person’s diet, and which has no solution today.
In case of diagnosis, it is crucial to ensure that this does not affect vitamin C intake. So affected people should increase their intake of peppers or go to a specialist to consider supplements with a product that contains the nutrient.
We can conclude that deficiency can cause a malfunction in the immune system, as well as problems with the absorption of iron at the intestinal level. Therefore, if you suspect that you may be suffering from a citrus allergy, you should consult a specialist to perform the correct diagnostic tests.