Cardiac arrest is a situation where a person’s breathing and blood circulation suddenly stops. It is a critical moment that endangers the victim’s life. Learn more about cardiac arrest in this article!
Oxygen is known to be the essential molecule for life. Your cells use it as “fuel” to get energy and be able to perform its functions. When you experience cardiac arrest , the oxygen is unable to reach the rest of the body.
For this reason, if the situation persists, the tissue will begin to be damaged. However, cardiac arrest is a potentially reversible situation. That is, you can save the life of the person who suffers from it if you act quickly.
We explain more in this article.
What is cardiac arrest?
Cardiac arrest consists of a sudden interruption in heart activity and breathing. Although it can have various causes, the most common cause is an electrical disturbance in the heart.
It is an emergency, and potentially reversible, as we mentioned earlier. If not treated immediately, cardiac arrest causes the sufferer to die. However, if you act fast, it does not have to end that way.
The idea is to maintain the flow of oxygen to the body’s tissues until the heart can be “revived”. The problem is that you need a defibrillator for your heart to restart. This is a device that causes the electrical activity of the heart to return to normal.
However, this is a problem, since 80% of cardiac arrests occur outside hospitals or health centers. Not everyone knows what to do when faced with such a situation, despite Norway’s recognized health care system.
For this reason, we explain what we should do below.
What to do during a cardiac arrest?
When facing a cardiac arrest, you need to provide basic lifesaving. This consists of replacing the person’s respiratory and circulatory functions. This means maintaining the flow of oxygen and blood circulation until the emergency services arrive.
A person who has had a cardiac arrest will be unconscious, without a pulse and without breathing. First, you should contact emergency health services as soon as possible.
Then try to make sure they are in a safe place and touch them to see if they regain consciousness.
Before you start resuscitating , it is ideal to have at least two people helping. One should be responsible for the resuscitation and the other must talk to health professionals on the phone to follow the instructions.
To be able to revive the person, you need a defibrillator. Semi-automatic defibrillators can be found in many public places. The best option is to try to find one of them and use it while waiting for the ambulance.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Either way, while you wait for the emergency services to arrive, you should start resuscitation. First, place the person face up on a hard surface and push their head slightly backwards. Hold the forehead with one hand and the chin with the other to keep the airways open.
Once you have done this , you should perform chest compressions. Sit over them and place your hands in the middle of your chest with your arms fully extended. You should do 30 strong, rhythmic compressions.
Help them with oxygen by blowing hard into their mouths. The protocol states that one should do two breaths and then continue with the compressions. It is a simple technique, but it requires strength and rhythm. For this reason, someone will ideally relieve the person doing the chest compressions and continue while the first person rests.
What you should remember is that by doing resuscitation correctly you can save the person’s life. There are many courses and ways to learn this type of first aid. Consider taking one!