Learn About Knee Arthroscopy And Its Benefits

Knee arthroscopy allows surgeons to see the joint in its entirety while operating. Read on to learn more about it!
Learn about knee arthroscopy and its benefits

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure. It is performed after trauma and in orthopedic surgery. This technique makes it easier to make a diagnosis and helps treat many joint problems. Today we want to be a little more specific, so we are talking about knee arthroscopy.

Although it is a much less invasive method than others, it is important to note that knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure. For this reason, only trauma and orthopedic surgeons should perform it.

The image offered to surgeons is collected by a camera. To achieve this, all that is needed is a minimal incision that barely leaves a scar. Therefore, it is a non-invasive procedure that reduces the amount of time one has to spend in the hospital.

In most cases, patients can go home the same day, and thus get well faster.

What knee arthroscopy is best for

Inflamed knee joint

This technique allows specialists to visualize the inside of the knee in a minimally invasive manner. They use it to treat various problems or injuries.

After all, different diseases and injuries can damage different parts of the joint, for example:

  • Leg
  • Cartilage
  • Ligament
  • Meniscus
  • Later
  • Muscles

Ligament injuries

Cruciate ligament injuries require knee arthroscopy for an accurate diagnosis. There are two types: anterior cruciate ligament injuries (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament injuries (PCL).

The ACL is the ligament that controls excessive movement. The name derives from the fact that it crosses another ligament. This second ligament is the posterior cruciate ligament. It attaches to the posterior part of the tibia.

This injury is very common and usually occurs after severe twisting. Furthermore, if there is also a torn meniscus, anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament, it is known as an “unhappy triad”.

In a young, moderately active person with discomfort, it is important to reconstruct the ligament. This is because it often causes degenerative joint disease and can lead to meniscus injuries.

A torn meniscus

Woman with leg pain

People with a torn meniscus usually resort to this technique, both for diagnosis and repair.

The meniscus is a fibro-cartilage that has important functions in the knee. It:

  • Is a shock absorbing system.
  • Protects the cartilage.
  • Improves joint function.

Sometimes, when an injury is clean and fresh, specialists can repair the meniscus. In fact, they can completely repair a torn meniscus with knee arthroscopy. Alternatively, they can also treat it with medication.

Meniscus transplants that replace a damaged meniscus with donor tissue can also be performed with knee arthroscopy.

Articular cartilage degeneration

Cartilage is a smooth elastic tissue that covers and protects the joints of the femur, tibia and knee. The most common cause of cartilage damage is degenerative arthritis  .

However, osteochondritis dissecans, infections, metabolic problems and trauma can also cause these injuries. Depending on the patient’s age, activity and expectation, there are several surgical options for repairing or reconstructing the cartilage.

The benefits of knee arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy

First of all, the advantage of this technique over others is  that the surgeon is able to see the joint in its entirety. This is thanks to a small instrument called an arthroscope.

Another advantage of knee arthroscopy is that there are only very small incisions. Therefore, this technique usually leads to a shorter hospital stay and quick recovery.

Fortunately, many patients undergoing knee arthroscopy can leave the hospital on the same day as the procedure. In turn, since it involves small incisions, there is a better aesthetic result, especially on exposed body parts.

However, keep in mind that patients undergo knee arthroscopy due to various injuries or diseases. Therefore, the patient’s hospital stay and recovery time will depend on the injury. In short, not all patients will respond in the same way to this surgery.

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