Motor Development: Monthly Evaluation For Infants

The development of motor skills progresses rapidly from month to month in the baby’s first year of life. Learn more about this in this article!
Motor development: Monthly evaluation for infants

Motor development in a baby is usually incomplete in the beginning. However, as time goes on, it becomes more intentional and sophisticated. During the first year of an infant’s life, changes will occur on a daily basis.

Of course, each child will have their own, unique rhythm. However, the milestones in the development of motor skills we present in this article can be a great tool for assessing your baby as they grow and develop. They can help you decide if there are certain things you should help them with.

Development of motor skills in the first year

Motor development is a very important indicator of possible problems in the structure or development of the brain. In addition, motor development includes both gross motor skills (arm and leg movements) and fine motor skills (eye-hand coordination).

That said, those who spend a lot of time caring for babies and children (kindergarten staff, doctors) may be more aware of the milestones in the motor development a baby achieves.

Furthermore, we will take a look at what you can expect in terms of the development of motor skills in the first months of the baby’s life.

Motor development involves both gross and fine motor skills.

First month

In the beginning, the baby’s arms and legs are bent when lying on their backs. However, when lying on their stomachs, they can make “crawling” movements and even lift their heads for a few seconds.

At this stage, their head will fall backwards if you place them in a sitting position.

Meanwhile, the hands will remain tied most of the time, with the thumb under the other fingers. When someone touches their palm, they will grab the foreign hand or object.

Second month

At this stage of development , the baby can hold its head up by itself, and try to lift the body when lying on its stomach.

They will also move their arms and legs more gently when lying on their backs.

Their hands will also stay open longer.

Third month

During the third month, most babies can lie on their stomachs and rest on their forearms while keeping their heads up between 45 and 90 degrees. In addition, they will now have stretched their legs completely.

When lying on their backs, they will be able to look at their own body parts, grab their hands and “kick” with their heels to test a surface.

When you hold them in a sitting position, their backs will be straighter.

In the meantime, they will also grab and shake everything you place in their hands, which will also stay open longer.

Fourth month

Now the baby can keep his head up without support. They can also push with their legs when their feet are on a solid surface.

After four months, most bayers can also reach and touch all the toys that hang over them. In the same way, they also often put their hands in their mouths.

When the baby is lying on its stomach, they can roll over so that they are lying on their back. In the same way, they lift the body when lying on their stomach and can rest their weight on their elbows.

Fifth month

At this stage of motor development , a baby can rest on its hands and almost lift its buttocks all the way up in the crab position.

When lying on their backs, they can move their legs in a “stepping” motion.

Now they can be held in their arms in a sitting position and actively participate themselves. When you hold them under the armpits and line them up, they can hold themselves on their feet and push up against a solid surface.

They can also grab objects with their hands as they wish. In addition, they can move an object from one hand to another.

Sixth month

In the sixth month, babies can roll to both sides while lying down. This allows them to roll over to both the abdomen and the back.

They can also start sitting without support for a few seconds. When they get up, they can lean on their legs and try to jump. When in a crawling position, the child will tilt back and forth and even try to crawl.

Furthermore, they may now also be able to hold an object in each hand to put all sorts of things in their mouths.

Seventh month

Usually, when lying on their backs at this stage of motor development, the baby grabs its feet and brings its toes into its mouth.

At the same time, they can sit up without support and are able to stretch out their hands to support themselves or to grab various objects.

Similarly, they will now jump actively if you hold them up under your arms.

At this stage, they can swap objects from one hand to another. In the same way, they can hold an object between the thumb and the little finger. They can drop the roof or throw objects as desired.

Eighth month

The development will take a break, and before you know it you have a crawling toddler in your legs.

During this month, the baby can sit alone and without support. They can also rotate and place themselves in a crawling position on their own.

Here they begin to enjoy the game of throwing things around. Similarly, when they have an object in each hand and you offer them a third, they can drop one of them to receive the new one.

Furthermore, they can start chewing food without help while holding the food in their hands.

Ninth month

During the ninth month, the baby will stand up while holding on to something.

When placed in a crab position, they can also move around effectively. Some may crawl.

They can now take objects between the index finger and the thumb. In the same way, they can reach out and give different items to the parents.

Now they want to start testing their strength, and the musicality of different things by beating them against each other.

Tenth month

Now the baby is a professional crab and can support himself just fine on hands and knees. They will probably like to get up and try to walk, by holding on to everything that makes them feel stable.

They can also grab the spout cup and drink the contents on their own. In the same way, they can now hold objects between the fingertips of the index finger and the thumb. They are even now able to take objects out of a box and put them back.

Eleventh month

In the eleventh month, babies start crawling just by leaning on their hands and knees. Then they can take their first steps while relying on various pieces of furniture.

In addition, the baby will be able to walk if an adult holds them in both hands.

They can now point to things with their index finger. In the same way, they can often put their fingers in holes and cracks.

They are now able to throw something to others to receive. Furthermore, they can also hold a spoon and bring it up to the mouth – although the movement will be far from precise, and there will be a lot of mess.

The baby will now even be able to clap his hands.

Twelfth month

From clapping to dressing, it goes faster than you think.

Here the baby can usually walk if someone holds his or her hand. Then they can take their first steps all by themselves, without relying on anything.

They can also bend down to pick things up. They can also start enjoying removing objects from a box and then putting them back. While squeezing the index finger and thumb, they can take small objects separately. Now they can also play with pieces that fit into specific holes if you show them how.

At this stage, they are able to take off their socks and try to put them on again.

One last thing to consider about motor development

Remember that the development of motor skills is different for all babies. It is important to keep in mind that if your baby did not reach a milestone one month, he or she will most likely reach that month after. An infant’s development is rapid and changes rapidly during the first year of life, and each baby will reach the milestones of its own time.

What is important here is that you should be aware, and contact your pediatrician if something seems abnormal.

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