Do you know someone who has leukemia, or do you have it yourself? It is a type of cancer in the tissue that makes blood, including the bone marrow and lymphatic system. There are many variations of this cancer. Some are more common in children than in adults.
It usually affects the white blood cells, which are powerful fighters of infection. In general, they divide and grow in an orderly fashion, depending on what your body needs. Nevertheless, in people with leukemia, the bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells that do not function properly
Symptoms of leukemia
Leukemia symptoms vary by type, but the most common symptoms are as follows:
- Fever or chills
- Persistent fatigue, weakness
- Frequent or severe infections
- Weight loss
- Inflamed lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
- Easy to get bruises and bleed
- Frequent nosebleeds
- Small red spots on the skin
- Excessive sweating, especially at night
- Leg pain or sensitivity
Generally speaking, leukemia occurs when DNA in the blood cells is mutated. (DNA is the information contained within each cell that directs its function). There may be other changes at the cellular level that are not fully understood yet, but which may also trigger leukemia.
Abnormalities cause the cell to grow and divide faster than normal. They will also live longer than normal cells. Over time, the abnormal cells will take the place of healthy bone marrow blood cells. This reduces the amount of healthy platelets, white blood cells and red blood cells, which cause symptoms of leukemia.
Medical classification of leukemia
Classification depends on the rate of formation and the types of blood cells involved. The first type focuses on the pace of development:
In acute leukemia, the abnormal blood cells are immature cells. They can not do their job as they should and they multiply quickly. Therefore, the cancer gets worse very quickly as well. Acute leukemia requires early and aggressive treatment.
There are many types of chronic leukemia. Some produce too many cells, and others too few. Chronic leukemia involves mature blood cells. They multiply and accumulate very slowly, and can function normally for a while. Some forms of it have no symptoms at first, making it easy to overlook for years.
Chronic leukemia can be categorized by the type of white blood cells that are affected:
- Lymphatic leukemia: affects the lymph that form the lymph tissue of a part of the immune system.
- Myelogenous leukemia: affects the myeloid cells, which form red blood cells, white blood cells and cells that produce platelets.
Nutritious food choices when you have leukemia
Your food choices when you have leukemia mean a lot. Here are some general guidelines:
- Rice and wholemeal bread
- Beans of all types and colors
These foods help your body speed up bowel movements and remove all carcinogens that may be in your digestive system. Thus, it prevents them from being absorbed by your body.
Regular consumption of fruit
The most high-fiber fruits and antioxidant-rich fruits include:
- Strawberries, raspberries and blueberries
When it comes to avocados, it is an excellent source of fiber as well as monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats (good fats). It helps reduce your risk of heart disease and lowers your cholesterol.
In addition, for most fruits, it is best to eat the peel as well to get the most out of them.
Pomegranate is very highly recommended due to its citric acid (which has a disinfectant effect and also alkalizes your urine and improves the potency of vitamin C.
Vegetables one must have
Some of the best vegetables to prevent cancer are:
Lettuce and spinach also contain a good deal of luteolin, a flavonoid that plays an important role in cancer prevention.
Cabbage vegetables help protect cellular DNA and inactivate carcinogens, among other things. Add these to your diet:
- Bok choy
- Brussels sprouts
- Leafy vegetables (radish, cabbage, turnip, cloves, wasabi, watercress).