What Happens In The Brain When You Are Depressed?

The brain is an impressive organ that we still have a lot to learn about. For example, about how it controls certain emotions, such as depression. During your life you will be depressed or sad many times, and you will have to go through countless trials.

Grief is a typical emotion, just like happiness, fear and anger. When you are bored, the brain behaves differently and produces a number of side effects that you are not aware of.

You may feel hungry, tired, need to be alone or cry. It can be helpful to learn about these reactions in the body and how to treat grief to make life as easy as possible. As a result, you can prevent more serious conditions, such as depression.

What happens in the brain when you are depressed


Grief is one of the emotions that affects the metabolism to the highest degree. But what does that mean? Yes, it means that there are many changes in the body and brain due to external problems. This can e.g. be: loss, disappointment or choice one sometimes has to make. We will look at each of these and what they do to the brain.

Important with empathy

The brain has several defense mechanisms to deal with grief. This is the feeling we recognize first . When you see another human being, you know right away if they are upset or not. In other words, you develop empathy for them, and can support them through grief. Everyone knows how useful it is to have friends or family who support us. It also turns out that empathy is more developed among women.

The brain needs energy: Glucose

What happens in the brain when you are depressed

When you suffer from depression, your brain is incredibly active. This may seem strange, but medical research shows that a depressed brain activates more than 70 different parts of the brain. Why? Yes, this is easy to understand: When you are depressed, remember, think, suffer and reason to find solutions or new alternatives. You sleep poorly because you have too much to think about. The hippocampus, located at the temple, is thus active, just like the anterior cingulum cortex, temple, etc.

You must also remember that the brain uses almost  20% of your energy. When you are depressed, it uses even more, and especially needs glucose.

This increases the feeling of hunger , anxiety associated with food and need for sweets. This can be the reason why many people gain weight when they are sad or depressed.

A need to cry

What happens in the brain when you are depressed

Periods when one is sad lead to the buildup of tension in the body. Although tears also have a biological function, this must be distinguished from emotional tears , which are also important for health.  The brain builds up too much tension and needs to release this anxiety. This is best done through tears. Afterwards, endorphins are released that make you feel better and more relaxed.

We therefore recommend that you never hold back tears when they press on.

Avoid drama, live and learn

What happens in the brain when you are depressed

When you are tired, the brain produces less serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with motivation. Do you not move on after a period of grief, even though you have made new decisions and accepted what has happened? Then the lack of serotonin will lead to disorders such as depression, OCD and / or violent episodes. But you have to be strong and find new ways forward in these situations.

It is also important that you learn from everything that happens. We know that life can be hard, with many obstacles and decisions. It is important that we learn from them. This will make you stronger, wiser and best equipped for another time.

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