While something as thoughtless and simple as scratching a mosquito bite may seem harmless, it can actually have more consequences than you realize.
According to entomology experts at the University of Florida , a mosquito bite is the result of when a female mosquito penetrates the surface of your skin with its trunk and finds a capillary bed near the surface. When the trunk penetrates the skin, the mosquito releases an anticoagulant under it.
Remember that a mosquito’s saliva contains certain proteins that your immune system will perceive as foreign substances. Therefore, your body will respond aggressively and immediately to the bite site, which you can see when it becomes inflamed and begins to itch.
This usually happens a day or two after the sting, but in addition to the itching, you can also get an allergic reaction or get an infection. To find out if your mosquito bite can lead to something else, consider the following:
- The stinging sensation occurs when your skin releases a substance called histamine. This helps fight potentially harmless substances – such as mosquito saliva.
- Histamine production causes the blood vessels around the bite to swell and cause a lump. It also irritates the nerves and triggers the itching.
When is it something more than just a mosquito bite?
If you start to ache and feel tired after a mosquito bite, in addition to the following symptoms, it is best to be checked by a doctor. Only they can decide if it is just a harmless sting or something that requires more attention.
- Inflammation of the throat
Why do mosquitoes bite people?
According to studies, mosquitoes are able to detect the presence of a food source 50 meters away. This is thanks to the carbon dioxide you emit when you breathe. This signal triggers their search for prey.
The signal will not direct a mosquito directly to you. However, it will make it easier for it to find potential food sources. The mosquito will follow the scent of carbon dioxide against the wind to identify its origin. It is always alert while on the wings.
As it approaches, it evaluates all possible sources of food along the way. If it does not discover more clues that identify you as a human being, it will continue its search until it succeeds.
A mosquito can detect a person of approx. 10 meters distance. However, it is only a few meters that it can feel your body heat. This is when certain other factors come into play, such as humidity and odor.
Then the mosquito searches for a place to land on the surface of your body, such as your feet or ankles. When it is a few cm from your skin, it can be sure that you are a human and it stings.
Methods of prevention
There are several options to help you avoid getting mosquito bites. Certain biochemical insecticides such as citronella are very effective. This is because they do not have a strong odor and unpleasant feeling like other insecticides, and they are effective.
A natural repellent such as lemon and eucalyptus oil can also work. It is sold under the name citridiol, but it is not recommended for children under three years.
Another good natural solution to combat the annoying mosquito is a combination of ingredients. Adding 5% DEET ( N-diethyl-meta-toluamide ) to vanilla or citronella oil will increase the life of your insecticide. In addition, it is also better for your skin.